These stunning black-and-white photographs offer a unique glimpse into the lives of traveller children in Ireland.
American photographer Jamie Johnson has been travelling around the world for 20 years and is best known for her portraits of children.
Johnson has released a new book, entitled ‘Growing Up Travelling: The Inside World of Irish Traveller Children‘, which shows girls no older than eight posing with cigarettes and holding designer bags, a boy holding his fist in a fighting pose, and young girls wearing make-up and glamorous clothes. The photographer contacted MailOnline to insist that the cigarettes were not real.
When she came to Ireland for the first time in 2014, she immediately felt connected to the Irish Traveller community and would visit and photograph them time and again for five years.
The photographs were taken in Galway, Limerick, Cork and Tipperary, Ireland.
Three young traveller girls, no older than eight years old, sit outside a barber shop in Ireland, two of them wearing flashy rings, one posing with a cigarette and another holding on to a Gucci bag
A young boy stands in front of an older man with his fist raised outside a traditional traveller caravan in Ireland in this photograph from US photographer Jamie Johnson
A group of traveller girls stand in front of a caravan with one of them looking at the camera while posing with a cigarette at the camera in this picture by US photographer Jamie Johnson
A young lad stands with a mouth covered with ice cream and a baby takes a bath in a washing bowl in these photographs captured by US-based photographer Jamie Johnson, who spent five years getting to know an Irish traveller community
In a previous interview with Mail Online, Johnson said that after living alongside the traveller community she came away with the impression of a ‘very proud’ group of people, who are strong in their faith and their commitment to family.
There are an estimated 25,000 travellers in Ireland, who have a history in culture dating back to pre-Celtic times.
An extract from the book explains the origins of Traveller culture and their role in contemporary Irish society.
‘Travellers are members of a historically nomadic and non-literate ethnic minority that has existed on Ireland’s margins for centuries,’ the book reads.
‘As a result of decades of pressure from the Irish authorities, Travellers today tend to live in houses in Irish towns and cities, though some still ‘halt’ (settle seasonally, either legally or illegally) in caravans or other mobile structures for some or most of the year in both serviced and unserviced sites on the urban periphery.
A group of young traveller boys wrestle with a pony to stop it running away in this photograph by US photographer Jamie Johnson
Four young traveller girls wearing glamorous clothing pose for a picture taken by US photographer Jamie Johnson, who spent five years photographing the community in Ireland
An older traveller girl applies make up to a younger girl in a caravan in this picture taken by US photographer Jamie Johnson during her time in Ireland
A young girl poses for a photograph as another feeds a greyhound in this image taken by US-based photographer Jamie Johnson, who gained the trust of an Irish traveller community
‘Nevertheless, and because of the distinct cultural practices the tradition of travelling accreted over many generations, the term ‘Traveller’ is applicable even when the nomadic way of life has effectively been abandoned.
‘The 2016 Census for the Republic of Ireland documents a population of 30,987 Irish Travellers, representing 0.7 per cent of the general population. For many generations, Travellers provided seasonal farm labour, horse-trading, hawking, entertainment and smithing services to both urban and rural populations.
‘These functions held a good degree of value in an earlier Ireland in which rural communities were isolated and in which the uses that might be made of urban space were less restricted.
‘Contemporary Travellers share common descent and history and possess discrete cultural practices: boundary rules against outsiders, strict gender roles, an aspiration to be mobile, an adaptive tradition of self-employment and involvement in marginal trades, a preference for flexibility of occupation over job security, a pattern of providing short-term labour in accordance with market demands, adherence to Catholicism involving public displays of religiosity, early school-leaving, early marriage and substantial dowry payments when the families are affluent, unique material and oral cultures, a tradition of meeting with other Travellers at certain major annual festivals, and distinct rituals of death and cleansing. ‘
Many of the pictures were taken at the Ballinasloe Horse Fair and Festival, which attracts travellers from all over Ireland and Europe to trade puppies and horses.
A young lad with a blackened left eye poses for a photograph taken by US photographer Jamie Johnson, after she spent five years gaining the trust of an Irish traveller community
Two young Irish traveller boys and a greyhound stand outside a caravan in this photograph taken by US-based photographer Jamie Johnson
Two young Irish traveller girls pose in this picture taken by US-based photographer Jamie Johnson, who spent five years gaining the trust of a group of traveller communities in Ireland
A young Irish traveller girl stares out of the window in this picture taken by US-based photographer Jamie Johnson, who spent five years gaining the trust of a group of traveller communities in Ireland
The fair represents an opportunity for teenaged travellers to meet their future spouses, and in one photograph a pair of girls are seen meticulously applying each others makeup so that they look their best in case they happen to meet their future husband.
Jamie told Mail Online: ‘They hope to find good husbands for their daughters in their community to carry on travellers traditions.
‘This warm generous family-orientated community seeks good lives for their children, and has great hopes for their community.’
The photographer spent time getting to know the families, at first gaining their trust with ‘a few introductions and lots of smiling’.
Four traveller toddlers look suspiciously at the camera as their mothers chat in the background in this photograph by US photographer Jamie Johnson, who spent five years following the community in Ireland
A young traveller girl pets a horse in this photograph taken by US photographer Jamie Johnson. Horse ownership is considered one of the last links to the community’s nomadic way of life
A young traveller girl stands at the back of a caravan in this picture by US-based photographer Jamie Johnson, who spent time getting to know a group of Irish travellers over the course of five years
Three Irish traveller children stand in front of a caravan in this photograph captured by US-based photographer Jamie Johnson
She spent some time shopping with the women and playing with the children – even letting them try out her fancy cameras.
‘The community works to carry on their family culture and traditions through many generations by telling all the wonderful stories of their grandparents’ and great-grandparents’ travels,’ she said.
‘They seek equality and hope to rid of for the next generation of the extreme prejudice that has faced theirs.’
To see more of Jamie’s work, vist: http://www.jamiejohnsonphotography.com. Read more: