Аляска в конце XIX века: Исторические фотографии показывают, как выглядела Аляска после того, как она была приобретена США

Alaska late-19th century

Аляска – самый большой штат США, расположенный на крайнем северо-западе североамериканского континента. На его территории расположены 17 из 20 самых высоких вершин в США. Аляска была принята в Союз в качестве 49-го штата в 1959 году. Госсекретарь США Уильям Генри Сьюард купил Аляску у русских в 1867 году за 7,2 миллиона долларов – менее 2 центов за акр. Потребовалось шесть месяцев, чтобы убедить Конгресс ратифицировать договор. Покупка Аляски была первоначально названа “глупостью Сьюарда” критиками, которые были убеждены, что земля ничего не может предложить. Однако обнаружение золота в 1890-х годах сделало покупку одной из самых выгодных инвестиций Генри Сьюарда. Ниже представлены потрясающие исторические фотографии, которые показывают, как выглядела Аляска в конце XIX века.

1 Собор Святого Михаила, русская православная церковь в Ситке, Аляска, 1892 год.

St. Michael's Cathedral, a Russian Orthodox church in Sitka, Alaska, 1892.

2 Интерьер собора Святого Михаила, русской православной церкви в Ситке, штат Аляска. 1892

The interior of St. Michael's Cathedral, a Russian Orthodox church in Sitka, Alaska. 1892

3 Рекордная лосиная голова – 69-дюймовые (175 см) рога, 1897 год.

Record Moosehead--69-Inch spread shot in Alaska, 1897.

4 Два таможенника изымают не облагаемый налогом алкоголь в Скагуэе, Аляска, 1897 год. Two customs officals seize untaxed alcohol in Skagway, Alaska 1897.

Two customs officals seize untaxed alcohol in Skagway, Alaska 1897.

5 Тлинкитские женщины продают корзины и другие мелкие предметы на месте шахты Тредуэлл для туристов, прибывающих на Аляску на пароходе, январь 1890 года. Tlingit women selling baskets and other small items, at the Treadwell Mine site, for tourists arriving in Alaska by steamship, January 1890.

Tlingit women selling baskets and other small items, at the Treadwell Mine site, for tourists arriving in Alaska by steamship, January 1890.

6 Ученики и учителя школы Святого Георгия, 1860-е годы. St George School Students And Teachers, 1860s.

St George School Students And Teachers, 1860s.

7 Мужчина и женщина позируют у входа в бревенчатую хижину, Аляска, 1860-е годы Man and woman as they pose at the doorway of a log cabin, Alaska, 1860s

Man and woman as they pose at the doorway of a log cabin, Alaska, 1860s

8 Жители тлинкитской деревни Тонгасс, Аляска, 1868 год. Inhabitants of the Tlingit village of Tongass, Alaska, 1868.

Inhabitants of the Tlingit village of Tongass, Alaska, 1868.

9 Семья индейцев сидит у водоема, Аляска, 1868 год. Amerindian family sitting beside a waterway, Alaska, 1868.

Amerindian family sitting beside a waterway, Alaska, 1868.

10 Главная улица в Кордове, Аляска, со столбами, дощатыми тротуарами и легким движением, 1868 год. A main street in Cordova, Alaska, with utility poles, boardwalks, and light traffic, 1868.

A main street in Cordova, Alaska, with utility poles, boardwalks, and light traffic, 1868.

#11 Cordova, Alaska, 1868.

Cordova, Alaska, 1868.

#12 Pillar Rock, Fort Danger, 1860s.

Pillar Rock, Fort Danger, 1860s.

#13 Indian Grave and Totems near Ft Wrangel, Alaska, 1860s.

Indian Grave and Totems near Ft Wrangel, Alaska, 1860s.

#14 A row of tents marks the beginnings of Skagway, a boom town in the ‘panhandle’ part of Alaska, which sprang up following the gold rush in the Klondike, 1880s.

A row of tents marks the beginnings of Skagway, a boom town in the 'panhandle' part of Alaska, which sprang up following the gold rush in the Klondike, 1880s.

#15 Inuits clubbing seals to death at the killing ground on St Paul Island in Alaska, 1880s.

Inuits clubbing seals to death at the killing ground on St Paul Island in Alaska, 1880s.

#16 Muir glacier in Alaska, 1860s.

Muir glacier in Alaska, 1860s.

#17 Crowd huddled next to building in Sitka, Alaska, circa 1890.

Crowd huddled next to building in Sitka, Alaska, circa 1890.

#18 Chief Shake’s house canoe with Indian Funeral at Ft Wrangel, Alaska, circa 1890.

Chief Shake's house canoe with Indian Funeral at Ft Wrangel, Alaska, circa 1890.

#19 A fine string of fox skins, Unalaska, 1890.

A fine string of fox skins, Unalaska, 1890.

#20 Members of the Metlakahtla Cornet band, a group of Native American brass musicians, pose for a picture next to buildings by the shore in an Alaska town, ca. 1892.

Members of the Metlakahtla Cornet band, a group of Native American brass musicians, pose for a picture next to buildings by the shore in an Alaska town, ca. 1892.

#21 Indian Avenue in Sitka, Alaska, 1892

Indian Avenue in Sitka, Alaska, 1892

Several Native American women sit on the street outside the Sitka Trading Company in Sitka, Alaska. Sitka was the headquarters of the Russian-American Company and during the 1800s was the site of a thriving fur trade, earning it the nickname the ‘Paris of the Pacific.’

#22 Sitka, Alaska, 1892.

Sitka, Alaska, 1892.

#23 Totem Poles, Alaska, 1893.

Totem Poles, Alaska, 1893.

#24 An Eskimo group of men, women, and children dressed in fur coats in Port Clarence, Alaska in 1894.

An Eskimo group of men, women, and children dressed in fur coats in Port Clarence, Alaska in 1894.

#25 Sitka from Baronov Castle, Alaska, 1893.

Sitka from Baronov Castle, Alaska, 1893.

#26 Three men and a woman standing and crouching around a riverbed while panning for gold during the Klondike gold rush, Alaska, 1895.

Three men and a woman standing and crouching around a riverbed while panning for gold during the Klondike gold rush, Alaska, 1895.

#27 Members of Tlingit tribe (Alaska) in Klukwan village c. 1895

Members of Tlingit tribe (Alaska) in Klukwan village c. 1895

#28 Indians in old dancing costumes in front of Chief Klart-Reech’s house, Chilkat, Alaska, 1895.

Indians in old dancing costumes in front of Chief Klart-Reech's house, Chilkat, Alaska, 1895.

#29 Tlingits gather on bank of a gravely sandspit for a potlatch dance, prior to the actual potlatch feast, along the Chilkat River. Alaska 1895.

Tlingits gather on bank of a gravely sandspit for a potlatch dance, prior to the actual potlatch feast, along the Chilkat River. Alaska 1895.

#30 Eight men haul their eguipment up the snow covered Devil’s Bluff near Sheep Camp, Alaska, 1895.

Eight men haul their eguipment up the snow covered Devil's Bluff near Sheep Camp, Alaska, 1895.

#31 Kah-chuckte, of Killisnoo, Alaska (Chief of Neltusken), 1895.

Kah-chuckte, of Killisnoo, Alaska (Chief of Neltusken), 1895.

#32 Men Heading for Yukon for Gold Rush. Alaska 1896.

Men Heading for Yukon for Gold Rush. Alaska 1896.

#33 Ffour prospectors posed on a trail, Alaska, 1897.

Ffour prospectors posed on a trail, Alaska, 1897.

#34 Gold miners working on W.M. Cowley’s claim, 22 Above, Bonanza, Klondike. Alaska, 1897.

Gold miners working on W.M. Cowley's claim, 22 Above, Bonanza, Klondike. Alaska, 1897.

#35 Minor on the way to White Pass between Alaska and Canada to the gold fields of the Klondyke, 1897.

Minor on the way to White Pass between Alaska and Canada to the gold fields of the Klondyke, 1897.

#36 Clancy’s Saloon, Alaska, 1897.

Clancy's Saloon, Alaska, 1897.

#37 Juneau, Alaska, circa 1897.

Juneau, Alaska, circa 1897.

#38 Juneau Street scene in Alaska, circa 1897.

Juneau Street scene in Alaska, circa 1897.

#39 Klondike miners washing out gold, 1897.

Klondike miners washing out gold, 1897.

#40 Alaska- Gold mining weighing winter clear-up of gold, 1897.

Alaska- Gold mining weighing winter clear-up of gold, 1897.

#41 A man carries an actress across an Alaskan river while others must ford it to get to a gold mine, 1897.

A man carries an actress across an Alaskan river while others must ford it to get to a gold mine, 1897.

#42 A group of prospectors eat lunch on a crate, on the Yukon Trail. Alaska, 1897.

A group of prospectors eat lunch on a crate, on the Yukon Trail. Alaska, 1897.

#43 The Klondike Trading Company, a general store in a tent, during the Klondike Gold Rush. Alaska, 1897.

The Klondike Trading Company, a general store in a tent, during the Klondike Gold Rush. Alaska, 1897.

#44 Two missionaries headed for the Klondike gold fields at the height of the Gold Rush in 1897

Two missionaries headed for the Klondike gold fields at the height of the Gold Rush in 1897

#45 A group of actresses bound for the Klondike gold fields take a break at Happy Camp, Alaska, 1897.

A group of actresses bound for the Klondike gold fields take a break at Happy Camp, Alaska, 1897.

#46 A group of Eskimos sit out side a large round house build out of wood and animal skins. Walrus meat dries on poles next to entrance, St. Lawerence Island, Alaska, 1897.

A group of Eskimos sit out side a large round house build out of wood and animal skins. Walrus meat dries on poles next to entrance, St. Lawerence Island, Alaska, 1897.

#47 Prospectors pose with a dog sled team at an issolated camp in Yukon Territory near Dyea Canyon, Alaska, 1897.

Prospectors pose with a dog sled team at an issolated camp in Yukon Territory near Dyea Canyon, Alaska, 1897.

#48 Five Chilkat porters pose with a miner and two oxen on the Dyea Trail, located at the head of the Chilkoot Trail, 1897.

Five Chilkat porters pose with a miner and two oxen on the Dyea Trail, located at the head of the Chilkoot Trail, 1897.

#49 Mounts Malaspina, Augusta and Hitchcock, Alaska, 1897.

Mounts Malaspina, Augusta and Hitchcock, Alaska, 1897.

#50 A Street in Sitka, Alaska’, circa 1897.

A Street in Sitka, Alaska', circa 1897.

#51 Steamer “Queen”, Glacier Bay, Alaska’, circa 1897.

Steamer "Queen", Glacier Bay, Alaska', circa 1897.

#52 Fort Wrangel, Alaska’, circa 1897.

Fort Wrangel, Alaska', circa 1897.

#53 Gold Prospectors Near the Chilkoot Summit, Alaska, 1898.

Gold Prospectors Near the Chilkoot Summit, Alaska, 1898.

#54 Mary’s Hotel, Alaska, 1898.

Mary's Hotel, Alaska, 1898.

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