Угроза столетней давности: снимки 1916 года показывают первые скутеры с электроприводом в действии: суфражистки катались на них по Лондону, а банды Нью-Йорка использовали их для совершения преступлений.

While motorised scooters may seem like a new phenomenon, incredible black and white photographs taken more than a century ago have revealed how the vehicles have been ‘terrorising’ drivers and pedestrians alike for several decades.  Although the majority of these vehicles, known as Autopeds, were powered by petrol, electric versions were also made available to the Edwardian public. Part of the scooter’s popularity during the First World War was due to its very low fuel consumption, providing transportation for many who couldn’t afford a car or a motorcycle. But a set of images dating back to the early 20th century – when the Autoped made its debut in city centres – includes a newspaper article warning that the scooters ‘might add new terrors to city life’. The photo library also features high-profile figures such as Lady Florence Norman, a British activist and Suffragette, who is seen riding her scooter around London in 1916.

Мотосамокаты могут показаться новым явлением, однако невероятные черно-белые фотографии, сделанные более века назад, показали, как эти транспортные средства “терроризировали” водителей и пешеходов на протяжении нескольких десятилетий.  Хотя большинство этих транспортных средств, известных как автомопеды, работали на бензине, эдвардианской публике были доступны и электрические версии. Отчасти популярность самокатов во время Первой мировой войны объяснялась низким расходом топлива, что обеспечивало транспортом многих, кто не мог позволить себе автомобиль или мотоцикл. Однако набор снимков, относящихся к началу 20 века – когда самокат дебютировал в центрах городов – включает газетную статью, предупреждающую, что они “могут добавить новые ужасы в городскую жизнь”. В фототеке также представлены такие известные личности, как леди Флоренс Норман, британская активистка и суфражистка, которая катается на своем скутере по Лондону в 1916 году.

Lady Florence Norman, a British activist and Suffragette, travelling to work on one of the first ever motorised scooters in London, circa 1916. Part of the vehicle's popularity during the First World War was due to its very low fuel consumption

Lady Florence Norman, a British activist and Suffragette, travelling to work on one of the first ever motorised scooters in London, circa 1916. Part of the vehicle’s popularity during the First World War was due to its very low fuel consumption / Леди Флоренс Норман, британская активистка и суфражистка, едет на работу на одном из первых мотороллеров в Лондоне, около 1916 года. Отчасти популярность этого транспортного средства во время Первой мировой войны была обусловлена очень низким расходом топлива.

Four special delivery postmen for the US Postal Service try out their new scooters, known as the Autoped, in 1916. The image is part of a set showing the first ever motorised scooter craze over a hundred years ago

Four special delivery postmen for the US Postal Service try out their new scooters, known as the Autoped, in 1916. The image is part of a set showing the first ever motorised scooter craze over a hundred years ago / Четыре почтальона специальной доставки Почтовой службы США пробуют свои новые скутеры, известные как Autoped, в 1916 году. Снимок является частью подборки, демонстрирующей первое увлечение моторизованными скутерами более ста лет назад.

A couple share an Autoglider scooter in England, circa 1920. Electric scooters may seem like a new phenomenon, but these incredible photographs from over a century ago reveal that they have actually been around before

A couple share an Autoglider scooter in England, circa 1920. Electric scooters may seem like a new phenomenon, but these incredible photographs from over a century ago reveal that they have actually been around before / Пара катается на скутере Autoglider в Англии, около 1920 года. Электрические скутеры могут показаться новым явлением, но эти невероятные фотографии более чем столетней давности показывают, что на самом деле они существовали и раньше.

A man riding a German-built Krupp Autoped in Berlin, circa 1920. The motorised scooter flopped not long after the Great War ended. Practicalities got in the way, such as the vehicle weighing over 100lbs, making carrying it difficult

A man riding a German-built Krupp Autoped in Berlin, circa 1920. The motorised scooter flopped not long after the Great War ended. Practicalities got in the way, such as the vehicle weighing over 100lbs, making carrying it difficult / Мужчина едет на немецком мотороллере Krupp Autoped в Берлине, около 1920 года. Мотороллер потерпел фиаско вскоре после окончания Великой войны. Мешали практические соображения, например, вес транспортного средства превышал 100 фунтов, что затрудняло его переноску.

A newspaper clipping from 1916 warning of the potential dangers of the new scooter craze, with one subheading reading: 'Solo devil wagon taken up in a serious way might add new terrors to city life'

A newspaper clipping from 1916 warning of the potential dangers of the new scooter craze, with one subheading reading: ‘Solo devil wagon taken up in a serious way might add new terrors to city life’ / Газетная вырезка 1916 года, предупреждающая о потенциальных опасностях нового увлечения скутерами, с одним подзаголовком, гласящим: “Серьезное увлечение самокатом может добавить новые ужасы в городскую жизнь”.

The vehicle became a symbol of woman’s empowerment, with an advert featuring a Flapper riding an Autoped appearing in Puck magazine.  American actress Lillian Lorraine is seen riding one in the set of images, as well as singer Shirley Kellogg. Businesses also gave the new-fangled devices a try, with the New York Postal Service delivering mail on them. And more notoriously, some gangs in New York began carrying out crimes on them, using the scooters to escape from police. However, the motorised scooter flopped not long after the Great War ended. Practicalities got in the way, such as the vehicle weighing over 100lbs, making carrying it difficult. And much like today, scooter riders were unsure to use the roads, which were unsuited to the scooter, or the pavement where they were mostly forbidden.

Это транспортное средство стало символом расширения прав и возможностей женщин, а в журнале Puck появилась реклама, изображающая флэппершу верхом на автопеде.  Американская актриса Лилиан Лоррейн, а также певица Ширли Келлогг изображены на одном из них. Бизнесмены также попробовали эти новомодные устройства, а почтовая служба Нью-Йорка доставляла на них почту. А некоторые банды в Нью-Йорке стали совершать на них преступления, используя скутеры, чтобы скрыться от полиции. Однако вскоре после окончания Великой войны мотороллер потерпел фиаско. Помешали практические соображения, например, вес транспортного средства превышал 100 фунтов, что затрудняло его переноску. Как и сегодня, скутеристы не были уверены в том, что им придется ездить по дорогам, которые не подходили для скутера, или по тротуарам, где это было запрещено.

A surviving Autoped machine - image taken in the modern era. The contraptions fell out of fashion until 2020, when companies began putting hundreds of the vehicles onto the streets of Britain in trial schemes that have proved controversial

A surviving Autoped machine – image taken in the modern era. The contraptions fell out of fashion until 2020, when companies began putting hundreds of the vehicles onto the streets of Britain in trial schemes that have proved controversial / Сохранившаяся машина Autoped – снимок сделан в современную эпоху. Эти устройства вышли из моды до 2020 года, когда компании начали выпускать сотни таких машин на улицы Британии в рамках пробных проектов, которые оказались противоречивыми.

Modern-day Tier and Lime electric scooters parked outside South Kensington Station on August 14. Councils are currently trailing e-scooters in a number of London boroughs

Modern-day Tier and Lime electric scooters parked outside South Kensington Station on August 14. Councils are currently trailing e-scooters in a number of London boroughs 

A woman pictured on an Autoped scooter, date unknownAmerican stage and screen actress Lillian Lorraine on her Autoped, circa 1918

A woman pictured on an Autoped scooter (left), date unknown, and American stage and screen actress Lillian Lorraine (right) on her Autoped, circa 1918

Arthur Hugo Cecil Gibson, the British inventor of the Autoped, pictured on his creation circa 1915. He gave up making the two wheelers in 1921, with other companies such as Birmingham-based Autoglider trying their hand at making the contraptions

Arthur Hugo Cecil Gibson, the British inventor of the Autoped, pictured on his creation circa 1915. He gave up making the two wheelers in 1921, with other companies such as Birmingham-based Autoglider trying their hand at making the contraptions

A newspaper cutting about Lady Norman's scooter use in London, circa 1916. The vehicle became a symbol of woman's empowerment, with an advert featuring a Flapper riding an Autoped appearing in Puck magazine

A newspaper cutting about Lady Norman’s scooter use in London, circa 1916. The vehicle became a symbol of woman’s empowerment, with an advert featuring a Flapper riding an Autoped appearing in Puck magazine

An American couple ride around on an Autoped scooter, circa 1918. While the majority of these scooters, known as Autopeds, were powered by petrol, electric versions were also made available to the Edwardian public

An American couple ride around on an Autoped scooter, circa 1918. While the majority of these scooters, known as Autopeds, were powered by petrol, electric versions were also made available to the Edwardian public

Timothy Porter, a traffic cop in Newark, New Jersey, rides about on an Autoped in 1922. Much like today, scooter riders were unsure to use the roads, which were unsuited to the scooter, or the pavement where they were mostly forbidden

Timothy Porter, a traffic cop in Newark, New Jersey, rides about on an Autoped in 1922. Much like today, scooter riders were unsure to use the roads, which were unsuited to the scooter, or the pavement where they were mostly forbidden

A newspaper clipping about actress Shirley Kellogg riding an Autoped in Hyde Park, London, from January 1917. More notoriously, some gangs in New York began carrying out crimes on them, using the scooters to escape from police

A newspaper clipping about actress Shirley Kellogg riding an Autoped in Hyde Park, London, from January 1917. More notoriously, some gangs in New York began carrying out crimes on them, using the scooters to escape from police

Even the Autoped’s British American-based inventor Arthur Hugo Cecil Gibson gave up making the two wheelers in 1921. Despite other companies such as Birmingham-based Autoglider trying their hand at making the contraptions, they fell out of fashion. That was until last year, when scooter companies began putting hundreds of the vehicles out onto the streets of Britain in trial schemes that have proved controversial, with many calling for them to be banned after accidents. However, others see them as a useful alternative transport method that doesn’t pollute town centres. Some areas such as London and Oxford are running the pilot schemes, with scooters left in ranks for people to use.

A man on an Autoglider scooter in Birmingham, circa 1920. Some people now see them as a useful alternative transport method that doesn't pollute town centres

A man on an Autoglider scooter in Birmingham, circa 1920. Some people now see them as a useful alternative transport method that doesn’t pollute town centres

An advertisement that appeared in Puck magazine for the Autoped, featuring a woman fearlessly riding the vehicle, adding to the scooter's association with female empowerment, from 1916

An advertisement that appeared in Puck magazine for the Autoped, featuring a woman fearlessly riding the vehicle, adding to the scooter’s association with female empowerment, from 1916

Two men show how to operate an Autoped, date and location unknown. Some areas such as London and Oxford are now running pilot schemes for the vehicles, which are left in ranks for people to use

Two men show how to operate an Autoped, date and location unknown. Some areas such as London and Oxford are now running pilot schemes for the vehicles, which are left in ranks for people to use

A man and woman ride two scooters in the city of Porto, Portugal, circa 1918. Many people are now calling for the controversial vehicles to be banned after accidents

A man and woman ride two scooters in the city of Porto, Portugal, circa 1918. Many people are now calling for the controversial vehicles to be banned after accidents

Ernest B. Daniels, a Marine from Boston, Massachusetts, on his Autoped, circa 1921A man riding a German-built Krupp Autoped in Berlin, circa 1920

Ernest B. Daniels, a Marine from Boston, Massachusetts, on his Autoped, circa 1921 (pictured left) and a man riding a German-built Krupp Autoped in Berlin, circa 1920 (right)

But police in Plymouth warned in May the laws of the road still apply in non-trial areas – and riders faced arrest. And Voi, one of several operators who have launched schemes in more than 50 English towns and cities over the past 18 months, said in August that over 1,000 people had been banned for seven days for antisocial riding. Although the scooters are designed to carry one person, drivers with passengers hanging on to the back of them have become common.There have also been complaints about the scooters being driven by children as young as ten on main roads and causing an obstruction to pedestrians – especially blind and disabled people. 

By montrealexblog

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